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A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools

Mining swimming pools develop and shrink, and rise and fall altogether. In the present day there are extra extinct mining swimming pools than there are energetic ones. The hashpower of the survivors secures tons of of PoW crypto networks, from main cash similar to BTC and BCH to obscure altcoins similar to monero basic and “zelcash.” The next information gives an perception into the origins of the world’s largest mining swimming pools together with their founders, geography, and beliefs.

Additionally learn: Huge Banks Gained’t Contact Crypto Shoppers – However These Smaller Banks Will

Mining Pools Close to Their 9-Yr Anniversary

Mining swimming pools have been in operation since late 2010, after they emerged as a method for solo miners to share their computing sources and improve their probabilities of discovering blocks. Whereas loads has modified in bitcoin mining since then, together with the introduction of devoted ASIC mining rigs and the rise of big mining farms, the fundamental premise of swimming pools stays the identical. Save for a handful of privately operated exceptions, swimming pools are open to anybody to hitch.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools
BTC mining pool hashrate distribution for the final 4 days

Along with the dominant SHA-256 mined cash similar to BTC and BCH, there are dozens of altcoins that may be mined utilizing algorithms similar to the fashionable equihash. Mining pool, by means of instance, information the hashrate and profitability for scores of equihash cash, its structure displaying the kind of metrics that cryptocurrency miners have turn into accustomed to crunching of their quest to find out the most worthwhile cash. As mining swimming pools close to their nine-year anniversary, an examination of the 9 largest BTC swimming pools – most of which additionally mine cash similar to BCH and ETH – captures the state of pooled mining in the present day.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools stats

Based: 2015

Proprietor: Bitmain

BTC hashrate (four-day common): 17.7%

Cash mined: BTC, BCH, ETH

History: Initially created by Bitrail to function an online pockets, nonetheless gives cellular and desktop wallets in addition to a block explorer and Bitcoin API. It’s finest recognized for its mining pool although, which has been in the fingers of Bitmain since being acquired by the mining producer in July 2016.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools

Trivia: In June 2017, appealed for the sender of a transaction with an 80 BTC price hooked up to return ahead, with the pool providing to return the unintentional price.


Based: April 2013

Founders: Discusfish and Wang Chun

BTC hashrate: 13.eight%


History: F2pool is China’s oldest bitcoin mining pool, and the second largest BTC pool in the world in the present day after It additionally operates the third largest ethereum mining operation. As the Bitcoin Wiki explains, the F2pool was as soon as generally known as Discus Fish on account of its coinbase signature of 七彩神仙鱼 (Discus Fish), the nickname of one of the operators. In the present day, F2pool captures 12.38 EH/s on the BTC community, 50.36 TH/s on LTC and 21.42 TH/s on ETH. The pool additionally gives Android and iOS apps and a spread of instruments together with mining income comparisons.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools
Decoded coinbase discipline for a block mined by F2pool

Trivia: In 2014, F2pool managed 25% of the BTC community and 31% of the LTC, resulting in fears that it might launch a 51% assault.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools


Based: 2017

BTC hashrate: 13.three%


History: Began by the founders of, is one other Chinese language pool that’s overseen by an organization known as Blockin. One of the extra revolutionary mining swimming pools, Poolin has developed instruments similar to an auto-switch function that alternates between BCH and BTC relying on which community is extra worthwhile. It additionally operates a fairly fundamental Lightning Community store, mining revenue calculator, and scores of different mining apps and instruments.

Trivia: In June 2019, it was revealed that Bitmain was suing three former workers for violating a non-compete settlement by launching Poolin.


Based: 2014

Founders: Jihan Wu and Micree Zhan

BTC hashrate: 10.2%


History: One other Bitmain-owned operation, Antpool is Jihan Wu’s authentic mining pool. It gives an array of superior instruments for skilled miners, significantly those that are mining at scale. Sub-account mining to a depth of three ranges and nameless mining are all supported, together with same-day payouts.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools

Trivia: Regardless of being accused of contributing to mining centralization, Bitmain launched Antpool in 2014 with a “dedication to assist decentralize the bitcoin community … and put the majority of hashing energy into the fingers of customers.”


Based: 2016

Founder: Yang Haipo

BTC hashrate: 7.eight%


History: Like most mining swimming pools, Viabtc gives a block explorer and pockets. One more Chinese language pool, Viabtc has since expanded to supply staking providers, enabling holders to earn a passive return on their PoS cash.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools

Trivia: Viabtc is famed as a significant supporter of larger blocks and in 2016 mined the first Bitcoin Limitless block. It additionally proposed the title for Bitcoin Money.

Slush Pool

Based: 2010

BTC hashrate: 6.7%

Cash mined: BTC, ZEC

History: As the world’s first mining pool, Slush can hint its historical past all the means again to November 2010, when it was first proposed beneath the title Bitcoin Pooled Mining Server. Slush, which started as a one-man operation, has gone on to mine over 1 million BTC.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools

Trivia: In March 2018, Slush Pool mined the first BTC block utilizing Asicboost expertise.

Based: 2017

Founder: Jiang Zhuoer

BTC hashrate: 5.6%

Cash mined: BTC, BCH

History: One of the extra inscrutable Chinese language swimming pools, operates as a non-public mining pool, and as such is off-limits to atypical miners. Whereas different Chinese language swimming pools try to translate their providers into English, doesn’t see the want, making the pool one thing of an enigma to westerners.

Trivia: In July, CEO Jiang Zhuoer debated Craig Wright, calling BSV’s path “excessive” and the idea of locking the protocol again to the authentic zero.1 model “ridiculous.”


Based: 2011

Founder: Valery Vavilov

Cash mined: BTC

History: Bitfury is an industrial mining firm that created some of the earliest ASICs, and by 2014 was mining in a pool merely generally known as By early June 2014, this pool, about half of whose hashpower got here from Bitfury ASICs, managed greater than 51% of the BTC community, prompting the firm to take away some of its energy from the pool.

Trivia: Bitfury is a extensively mistrusted firm that has willingly collaborated with legislation enforcement to deanonymize bitcoin transactions and erode privateness.

Based: 2016

BTC hashrate: zero.6%

Cash mined: BTC, BCH

History:’s mining pool has been operational for 3 years, having launched on Sept. 21, 2016, with a mandate to push for larger blocks. From day one, the pool might course of blocks of as much as 16MB, however would solely mine 1MB at the time as that was all BTC’s consensus guidelines would settle for. In the present day. presents and cloud mining, with the latter manifesting as contracts starting from six months to 2 years. gives its personal cellular monitoring software program, whereas the Pockets is a significant product in its personal proper with over four.7 million installs.

Trivia: mined the first BCH ABC block on Nov. 15, 2018 following the break up with SV.

A Short History of the World’s Largest Bitcoin Mining Pools

What are your ideas on the numerous mining swimming pools highlighted right here? Tell us in the feedback part under.

Photographs courtesy of Shutterstock and

Do you wish to maximize your Bitcoin Mining potential? Plug your personal into the world’s most worthwhile Bitcoin mining pool or get began with out having to personal by one of our aggressive Bitcoin cloud mining contracts.

Kai Sedgwick

Kai’s been manipulating phrases for a dwelling since 2009 and acquired his first bitcoin at $12. It is lengthy gone. He is beforehand written whitepapers for blockchain startups and is very involved in P2P exchanges and DNMs.

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